Diabetes FAQs

How often should a Diabetic Have His or Her Eyes Examined?

Diabetic Retinopathy | Dr. Stuart Sondheimer Skokie IL
Unless advised to have more frequent examinations, every diabetic should have a complete eye examination once a year. It’s a good idea for diabetics to cover each eye for a few seconds every day and make sure that the other eye appears to be seeing well.

What Is Diabetic Macular Edema?

Diabetic Macular Edema is a thickening of the Macula (the central part of the retina that gives the clearest vision). It is caused by leakage of retinal vascular structures which are damaged by elevated blood sugar. Swelling of the macula, abnormal yellow exudates and hemorrhage in the macula. It is detected with special tests such as Ocular Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Fluorescein Angiography.


How is Diabetic Macular Edema treated?

Diabetic Macular Edema is treated with Intraocular Injections of anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) medications and/or Laser treatments. The treatment stops leaking in the macula.


What is Ischemic Diabetic Maculopathy?

In Ischemic Diabetic Macular Disease the blood vessels providing nutrition to the macula become narrowed and closed. Laser and anti-VEGF medications do not help treat Ischemic Diabetic Macular Disease. While in the early stage, this eye disease can change the retina of the eye. These changes are classified as proliferative and non-proliferative retinopathy.


Does diabetes cause earlier cataract formation?

Yes, visually impairing cataracts are more common in diabetics than in people without cataracts. Cataracts in diabetics that cause impairment of important visual functions such as seeing to drive or read can usually be effectively treated with cataract surgery. Cataract surgery does not treat diabetic retinopathy; but sometimes cataract surgery can make it easier to treat diabetic retinopathy.


Dr. Sondheimer Patient Review | Skokie IL

Doctor Sondheimer is a very reliable doctor, not only does he perform finely doing his job, he really cares about his patients. I felt secured with him even though an eye surgery is considered a risk. Im so happy and blessed that I came to his office.

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What is proliferative diabetic retinopathy?

In proliferative diabetic retinopathy, new abnormal blood vessels grow in the diabetic retina that can bleed, fibrose, and detach the retina. This is a condition that could dramatically affect your sight. The abnormal growth of blood vessels also increase a risk for macular edema.


How is proliferative diabetic retinopathy treated?

Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy is treated with laser photocoagulation, intraocular injection of anti-VEGF medication, and/or surgery to remove the vitreous gel. The goal of the treatments is to prevent any further vision loss. Controlling your blood sugar can also reduce its progression.


How can I prevent the onset of a diabetic eye disease?

Keeping your diabetes in control can prevent or delay the onset of diabetic eye disease. Regular examinations by Dr. Sondheimer can help detect diabetic eye and lead to earlier, more effective treatments.


When is a vitrectomy required in diabetic eye disease?

Surgical removal of the vitreous is necessary when blood in the vitreous does not resolve, when the retina detaches, when proliferative diabetic eye disease can’t be controlled with laser treatment, and when there is severe scarring of the retina.


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If you would like more information on treatment for diabetic eye problems, contact our Skokie office today! Call 847-677-2794 to schedule a consultation with top ophthalmologist Dr. Stuart Sondheimer.

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As the COVID-19 (Coronavirus) pandemic and its impact continues to evolve, we remain focused on the health and safety of our patients, employees and our fellow community members. One main goal throughout this crisis is to provide the safest environment for everyone.

In response to the state of emergency declared at the federal level and at the recommendation of the Center for Disease Control and the American Academy of Ophthalmology, Stuart P. Sondheimer, M.D., S.C, will be only seeing urgent and post-surgical patients, until further notice.

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