What Is Diabetic Macular Edema?
Diabetic Macular Edema is a thickening of the Macula (the central part of the retina that gives the clearest vision). It is caused by leakage of retinal vascular structures which are damaged by elevated blood sugar. Swelling of the macula, abnormal yellow exudates and hemorrhage can be seen in the macula and detected with special tests such as Ocular Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Fluorescein Angiography.
How is Diabetic Macular Edema treated?
Diabetic Macular Edema is treated with Intraocular Injections of anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) medications and/or Laser treatments.
What is Ischemic Diabetic Maculopathy?
In Ischemic Diabetic Macular Disease the blood vessels providing nutrition to the macula become narrowed and closed. Laser and anti-VEGF medications do not help treat Ischemic Diabetic Macular Disease.
Does diabetes cause earlier cataract formation?
Yes, visually impairing cataracts are more common in diabetics than in people without cataracts. Cataracts in diabetics that cause impairment of important visual functions such as seeing to drive or read can usually be effectively treated with cataract surgery. Cataract surgery does not treat diabetic retinopathy; but sometimes cataract surgery can make it easier to visualize and treat diabetic retinopathy.
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What is proliferative diabetic retinopathy?
In proliferative diabetic retinopathy, new abnormal blood vessels grow in the diabetic retina that can bleed, fibrose, and detach the retina.
How is proliferative diabetic retinopathy treated?
Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy is treated with laser photocoagulation, intraocular injection of anti-VEGF medication, and/or surgery to remove the vitreous gel.
How can I prevent the onset of a diabetic eye disease?
Keeping your diabetes in good control can prevent or delay the onset of diabetic eye disease. Regular examinations by an Ophthalmologist can detect diabetic eye and lead to earlier, more effective treatments.
When is a vitrectomy required in diabetic eye disease?
Surgical removal of the vitreous is necessary when blood in the vitreous does not resolve, when the retina detaches, when proliferative diabetic eye disease can’t be controlled with laser treatment, and when there is severe scarring of the retina.